What is Integrated Risk Management (IRM)?
Integrated Risk Management is a process to fuse, unify, and inform the Homeland Security Enterprise. Taking a risk-based approach, assessing our capabilities, and identifying our gaps, is instrumental in our ability to shape emergency management and homeland security strategic planning and policy-making process.
IRM is based on the premise that emergency management and homeland security (EMHS) partners are most effective when their efforts are unified. IRM is a structured process, coordinated by Franklin County Emergency Management and Homeland Security (FCEM&HS), to help ensure Decision-makers are informed about risks impacting Franklin County and fully integrated into the strategic planning process for managing those risks. The IRM process includes informing Decision-makers on the risks, capabilities, and gaps in Franklin County, engaging them in discussion about possible courses of action and the pros and cons in managing these risks, and determining how to work as an integrated team to reduce our gaps.
What is the Homeland Security Enterprise?
Homeland Security Enterprise (HSE) is a “whole community” approach involving partnerships among emergency management, law enforcement, public health, local/state/federal government, private sector, nongovernmental organizations, faith-based & community-based organizations, and the public.
The responsibility for managing emergency management and homeland security risks is distributed among multiple organizations, including: emergency management, law enforcement, fire service, public health agencies, private and non-profit entities, and State and Federal agencies. Too often, managing homeland security risk is done in organizational “silos,” in direct conflict with current federal guidance requiring a “Whole Community Approach.”
Given this reality, FCEM&HS has chosen to adopt an Integrated Risk Management (IRM) approach to managing risk.
What does it mean to local Decision-makers?
Decision-makers are the key to fully realizing integrated risk management in Franklin County. FCEM&HS takes a whole community approach to IRM by engaging stakeholders and Decision-makers throughout the Homeland Security Enterprise.
Stakeholders have been surveyed to create a capability assessment and a gap analysis based on the risks that impact Franklin County. Decision-makers participated in the IRM process through attendance at a workshop where they were updated about the risks, capabilities and gaps in Franklin County and presented courses of actions and recommendations on policies for addressing risks, building capabilities and reducing identified gaps. Stakeholders and Decision-makers from across the Homeland Security Enterprise spectrum drive emergency management and homeland security policy by using the information provided to prioritize planning, training, exercises, and funding.
How can your jurisdiction be involved in IRM?
• Participate in the annual Decision-maker Workshop
• Implement IRM practices in your jurisdiction
• Prioritize planning, training, exercises, and funding based on the risk-capability-gap model